Skip to main content

Table 6 Smokers identified and advised on cessation among all TB patients from routine records

From: Scaling up tobacco cessation within TB programmes: findings from a multi-country, mixed-methods implementation study

Country:
WHO smoking prevalence (2017)
Bangladesh
Male (M): 41.4%; female (F): 1.4%; all: 21.3%
Nepal
M: 33.7%; F: 8.8%; all: 21.3%
Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Province
M: 31%; F: 2.8%; all: 16.9%
Learning sites Narayanganj Gazipur Dhaka Bangladesh total Kathmandu Lalitpur Abbottabad Kohat Mardan Peshawar KP Province total
Number of facilities 5 5 5 15 18 9 10 12 28 59
Data collection period 6 months 3 months   3 months 6 months
Total patient numbers from routine data over study period 2808
(M: 1551; F: 1257)
1329
(M: 800; F: 529)
1234
(M: 711; F:523)
5371
(M: 3062; F:2309)
288
(M: 148; F:140)
851
(M: 428; F: 423)
580
(M: 283; F: 297)
1081
(M: 554; F: 527)
2577
(M: 1302; F: 1275)
5089
(M: 2567; F: 2522)
Male TB patients, monthly mean 259 267 237 763 49 71 47 92 217 427
Female TB patients, monthly mean 210 176 174 560 47 71 50 88 213 422
Total TB patients, monthly mean 468 443 411 1322 96 142 97 180 430 849
Patients asked about tobacco use, monthly mean 468
(100%)
443
(100%)
411
(100%)
1322
(100%)
96/96
(100%)
142/142
(100%)
97/97
(100%)
180/180
(100%)
430/430
(100%)
849/849
(100%)
Male smokers identified among all TB patients, monthly mean 130/259
(50.1%)
110/267
(41.1%)
75/237
(31.6%)
321/763
(42.1%)
11/49
(22.4%)
21/71
(29.6%)
6/47
(13.1%)
8/92
(8.9%)
27/217
(12.4%)
62/427
(14.5%)
Expected male smokers based on WHO 2017   316/763
(41.4%)
16.5/49
(33.7%)
  132.37/427
(31%)
Female smokers identified among all TB patients, monthly mean 0.33/210
(0.2%)
0/176
(0%)
0/174
(0%)
0.33/560
(0.06%)
4/47
(8.5%)
0.5/71
(0.7%)
0/50
(0%)
0/88
(0%)
0/88
(0%)
0.5/422
(0.1%)
Expected female smokers based on WHO 2017   8/560
(14.3%)
4.14/47
(0.088)
  11.816/422
(2.8%)
Total smokers identified among all TB patients, monthly mean 130.33/468
(27.8%)
110/443
(24.7%)
75/411
(18.2%)
315.33/1322
(23.9%)
15/96
(15.6%)
21.5/142
(15.1%)
6/97
(6.1%)
8/180
(4.4%)
27/430
(6.3%)
62.5/849
(7.4%)
Expected total smokers based on WHO 2017   324/1322
(24.5%)
20.64/96
(21.5%)
  144.186/849
(16.98%)
Ratio of identified versus expected smokers (95% CI)   0.97
(0.86–1.07)
0.73
(0.36–1.10)
  0.43
(0.33–0.54)
Patients given cessation advice, monthly mean 130.33/130.33
(100%)
110/110
(100%)
75/75
(100%)
1322/1322
(100%)
15/15
100%
21.5/21.5
(100%)
6/6
(100%)
8/8
(100%)
27/27
(100%)
62.5/62.5
(100%)