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Table 2 Priority-setting context by country

From: An analysis of how health systems integrated priority-setting in the pandemic planning in a sample of Latin America and the Caribbean countries

Economic status Country Geographical region Political system Health system financing (public, private, mixed) Type of health system (UHC or not) UHC service coverage index Total health expenditure per capita in PPP-2018a
(USD)
Gini index Experience with outbreaks
High Bahamas Caribbean Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy Mixed public–private (private insurance) UHC 75 2.005   Influenza
Chile South America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (public insurance and private insurance) UHC 70 2.305 46.6 Influenza
Panama Central America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (private insurance) UHC 79 1.856 49.9 Influenza
Upper middle Argentina South America Presidential republic Social security mixed with private (out-of-pocket and private health insurance) UHC 76 1.989 40.6 Influenza
Brazil South America Federal presidential republic Social security mixed with private (out-of-pocket and private health insurance) UHC 79 1.530 50.3 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Yellow fever
Colombia South America Presidential republic Social security mixed with private (out-of-pocket and private health insurance) UHC 76 1.155 49.7 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Yellow fever
Dominican Republic Caribbean Presidential republic Social security mixed with private (out-of-pocket and private health insurance) UHC 74 1.017 45.7 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Mexico North America Federal presidential republic Social security mixed with private (out-of-pocket and private health insurance) UHC 76 1.154 43.4 Influenza
Paraguay South America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (out-of-pocket, private insurance) No UHC 69 935 48.8 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Peru South America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (private insurance) UHC 77 766 43.3 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Yellow fever
Lower middle Bolivia South America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (out-of-pocket, private insurance, donors) UHC 68 496 44 Influenza
Chikungunya
El Salvador Central America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (out-of-pocket, private insurance, donors) UHC 76 592 38 Influenza
Haiti Caribbean Semi-presidential republic Mixed public–private (out-of-pocket, private insurance, donors) No UHC 49 143 41.1 Influenza
Zika
Chikungunya
Dengue
Honduras Central America Presidential republic Mixed public–private (out-of-pocket, private insurance, donors) No UHC 65 362 50.3 Influenza
  1. PPP purchasing power parity, UHC universal health coverage
  2. aInternational US dollars. Not inflation-adjusted