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Volume 13 Supplement 1

Maternal and Newborn Health Research and Advocacy Fund, Pakistan

Edited by Atsumi Hirose, Zahid Ali Memon, Julia Hussein and Sarah Hall

Research

This collection of articles was produced and funded as an output of the Maternal and Newborn Health Research and Advocacy Fund (MNH RAF) project in Pakistan. MNH RAF was funded by UKaid from the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DFID) and Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). It was managed by a consortium led by the British Council with its partners Immpact at the University of Aberdeen, Social Development Direct and RIZ Consulting. The views expressed and information contained therein are not necessarily those of nor endorsed by DFID, DFAT or the management consortium, who can accept no responsibility or liability for such views, their completeness, accuracy or reliance placed upon them. The funders had no role in deciding which articles to publish. Reviewers were paid a minimal fee to undertake a review. At the time of editing the supplement, Atsumi Hirose was contracted by the Immpact research group of the University of Aberdeen and provided technical support to RAF grantees. Julia Hussein is employed as Senior Clinical Research Fellow and Scientific Director of Immpact at the University of Aberdeen. Dr Hussein was involved in decisions to award funding to some of the research and advocacy projects referenced in this supplement, but was not involved in the implementation of any these or other MNH RAF projects. Zahid Memon was contracted by British Council as a Research Specialist for MNH RAF. He was not involved in the publication decision making of the supplement article that he co-authored. Sarah Hall was contracted by British Council as the programme manager of MNH RAF. She declares no competing interests.

  1. Policy and decision making should be based on evidence, but translating evidence into policy and practice is often sporadic and slow. It is recognised that the relationship between research and policy uptake i...

    Authors: Atsumi Hirose, Sarah Hall, Zahid Memon and Julia Hussein

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S47

    Content type: Introduction

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  2. Factors contributing to Pakistan’s poor progress in reducing reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) include its low level of female literacy, gender inequity, political challenges, and extre...

    Authors: Abdul Ghaffar, Shamim Qazi and Iqbal Shah

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S48

    Content type: Commentary

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  3. While Pakistan has made progress toward achieving Millennium Development Goal 5 for maternal health, it is unlikely to achieve the target; further, it is also not on track for Millennium Development Goal 4 reg...

    Authors: Zahida Sarwar, Andrea Cutherell, Arif Noor, Farah Naureen and Jennifer Norman

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S50

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. In 2007, the Government of Pakistan introduced a new cadre of community midwives (CMWs) to address low skilled birth attendance rates in rural areas; this workforce is located in the private-sector. There are ...

    Authors: Zubia Mumtaz, Adrienne V. Levay, Gian S. Jhangri and Afshan Bhatti

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S51

    Content type: Research

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  5. Pakistan has a high maternal mortality ratio and a low rate of skilled birth attendants (SBAs). To address these two important issues, the Pakistan Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) programme launched t...

    Authors: Shamsa Zafar, Siham Sikander, Ikhlaq Ahmad, Mansoor Ahmad, Nazia Parveen, Shumaila Saleem, Tayyba Nawaz, Zainab Suleman, Nadia Suleman, Noor ulAin, Ayesha Naeem and Asma Bashir

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S52

    Content type: Research

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  6. Long-acting reversible contraceptives, such as the intrauterine device (IUD), remain underutilised in Pakistan with high discontinuation rates. Based on a 24-month prospective client follow-up (nested within a...

    Authors: Waqas Hameed, Syed Khurram Azmat, Muhammad Ishaque, Wajahat Hussain, Erik Munroe, Ghulam Mustafa, Omar Farooq Khan, Ghazunfer Abbas, Safdar Ali, Qaiser Jamshaid Asghar, Sajid Ali, Aftab Ahmed and Hasan Bin Hamza

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S53

    Content type: Research

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  7. The case of contracting out government health services to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) has been weak for maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services, with documented gains being mainly in cura...

    Authors: Shehla Zaidi, Atif Riaz, Fauziah Rabbani, Syed Iqbal Azam, Syeda Nida Imran, Nouhseen Akber Pradhan and Gul Nawaz Khan

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S54

    Content type: Research

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  8. Pakistan’s maternal and child health indicators remain unacceptably high, with a maternal mortality ratio of 276 per 100,000 live births and a neonatal mortality rate of 55 per 1,000 live births. Provision of ...

    Authors: Muhammad Shahid Ansari, Rabia Manzoor, Nasim Siddiqui and Ahsan Maqbool Ahmed

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S55

    Content type: Research

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  9. The maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) indicators of Pakistan depict the deplorable state of the poor and rural women and children. Many MNCH programmes stress the need to engage the poor in community ...

    Authors: Ayesha Aziz, Fazal Ali Khan and Geof Wood

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S56

    Content type: Research

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  10. Pakistan is far behind in achieving the Millennium Development Goals regarding the reduction of child and maternal mortality. Amongst other factors, transport barriers make the requisite obstetric care inacces...

    Authors: Naeem uddin Mian, Mariam Zahid Malik, Sarosh Iqbal, Muhammad Adeel Alvi, Zahid Memon, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry, Ashraf Majrooh and Shehzad Hussain Awan

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S57

    Content type: Research

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  11. The availability of properly trained and motivated providers is a prerequisite for provision of easily accessible healthcare. Pakistan has been listed by the World Health Organization in its World Health Repor...

    Authors: Ali Mohammad Mir, Muhammad Saleem Shaikh, Gul Rashida and Neha Mankani

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S58

    Content type: Research

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  12. There are two types of barriers to the utilisation of maternal health and antenatal care (ANC) services, including the supply-side barriers operating at the health facility level and demand-side, affecting the...

    Authors: Muhammad Ashraf Majrooh, Seema Hasnain, Javaid Akram and Arif Siddiqui

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2015 13(Suppl 1):S59

    Content type: Research

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