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  1. Health interventions in a clinical setting may be complex. This is particularly true of clinical interventions which require systems reorganization or behavioural change, and/or when implementation involves ad...

    Authors: Robert Heggie, Kathleen Boyd and Olivia Wu
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:118
  2. This study sought to determine how institutional environments, including values, policies, and their implementation, shape inequities in scientific career progression for women and men, and their disadvantages...

    Authors: Millicent L. Liani, Isaac K. Nyamongo, Justin Pulford and Rachel Tolhurst
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:117
  3. Research and practice are often considered as two different worlds with different values, which causes a gap between them. Involving professionals such as practitioners, managers, decision-makers, and policy-m...

    Authors: Christine E. Laustsen, Pia Petersson, Albert Westergren and Maria Haak
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:115
  4. Health information systems are crucial to provide data for decision-making and demand for data is constantly growing. However, the link between data and decisions is not always rational or linear and the manag...

    Authors: Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, David O’Donnell, L. Kendall Krause, Christian Auer, Angela Oyo-Ita, Mamadou Samba, Graça Matsinhe, Abdullahi Bulama Garba, Damaris Rodríguez, Meike Zuske, Anthonia Ngozi Njepuome, Sofia Micael Mandjate Lee, Amanda Ross, Suzanne Gajewski, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Richard B. Yapi…
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:112
  5. In 2005, Nigeria adopted the Reaching Every Ward strategy to improve vaccination coverage for children 0–23 months of age. By 2015, Ogun state had full coverage (100%) in 12 of its 20 local government areas, b...

    Authors: Ngozi N. Akwataghibe, Elijah A. Ogunsola, Oluwafemi A. Popoola, Adanna I. Agbo and Marjolein A. Dieleman
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):88

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  6. Almost 20 million children under one year of age did not receive basic vaccines in 2019, and most of these children lived in low- and middle-income countries. Implementation research has been recognized as an ...

    Authors: Arielle Mancuso, Shahira Ahmed Malm, Alyssa Sharkey, A. S. M. Shahabuddin and Zubin Cyrus Shroff
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):83

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  7. Losing children to follow-up is one of the major barriers identified in Ethiopia’s immunization programme. In many urban slum areas like Lideta sub-city, Addis Ababa, several demand- and supply-side factors af...

    Authors: Thewodros Zewde, Alula Teklu, Diriba Bedada and Yoseph Tsehaye
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):69

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  8. With increased penetration of the internet and social media, there are concerns regarding its negative role in influencing parents’ decisions regarding vaccination for their children. It is perceived that a mi...

    Authors: Anoop T. Nair, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Shaffi Fazaludeen Koya, Minu Abraham, Jinbert Lordson, Chitra Grace, Sreekutty Sreekumar, Priya Chembon, Kamala Swarnam, A. Marthanda Pillai and Anant Kumar Pandey
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):56

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  9. Great disparities in immunization coverage exist in Pakistan between urban and rural areas. However, coverage estimates for large peri-urban slums in Sindh are largely unknown and implementation challenges rem...

    Authors: Amna Tanweer Yazdani, Ameer Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Uzma Khan and Yasir Shafiq
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):55

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  10. In 2006, Uganda adopted the Reaching Every District strategy with the goal of attaining at least 80% coverage for routine immunizations in every district. The development and utilization of health facility/dis...

    Authors: David Kaawa Mafigiri, Constance Iradukunda, Catherine Atumanya, Michael Odie, Arielle Mancuso, Nhan Tran, Janet McGrath and Henry Luzze
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):52

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  11. For evidence-based decision-making, there is a need for quality, timely, relevant and accessible information at each level of the health system. Limited use of local data at each level of the health system is ...

    Authors: Binyam Tilahun, Alemayehu Teklu, Arielle Mancuso, Berhanu F. Endehabtu, Kassahun D. Gashu and Zeleke A. Mekonnen
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):48

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  12. Civil society organizations (CSOs) are important in health care delivery. They have the potential to play significant roles in immunization-related services, such as advocacy, health education, demand creation...

    Authors: Aniekan Etokidem, Festus Nkpoyen, Comfort Ekanem, Enagu Mpama and Anastasia Isika
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):46

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  13. One Health approaches such as the Joint human and animal vaccination programmes (JHAVP) are shown to be feasible and to increase health care access to hard-to-reach communities such as mobile pastoralists. How...

    Authors: Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Djimet Seli, Filippo Lechthaler, Lisa Crump, Arielle Mancus, Nhan Tran, Jakob Zinsstag and Daniel Cobos Muñoz
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):44

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  14. Public health emergencies—such as the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic—accelerate the need for both evidence generation and rapid dissemination and implementation (D&I) of evidence where it is most needed. In this paper...

    Authors: Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Rachel C. Shelton, Kevin Fiscella, Bethany M. Kwan and James M. McMahon
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:110

    The Correction to this article has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:120

  15. Translating research findings into service improvements for patients and/or policy changes is a key challenge for health service organizations. The Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland launched the Action...

    Authors: Virginia Minogue, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Catherine Hayes, Mary Morrissey, Gregory Gorman and Ana Terres
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:105
  16. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak made it clear that despite the potential of science, technology, and innovation (ST&I) to positively impact healthcare systems worldwide, as shown by the rapid ...

    Authors: Renan Gonçalves Leonel da Silva, Roger Chammas and Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:104
  17. Transforming a health system into a learning one is increasingly recognized as necessary to support the implementation of a national strategic direction on quality with a focus on frontline experience. The app...

    Authors: Diana Sarakbi, Nana Mensah-Abrampah, Melissa Kleine-Bingham and Shams B. Syed
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:102
  18. The Food, Environment, and Health (FEH) program of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) aims to improve the health of low- and middle-income country populations by generating evidence, innovati...

    Authors: Hayley Pelletier, Leah Bleecker, Victoria Sauveplane-Stirling, Erica Di Ruggiero and Daniel Sellen
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:101
  19. Public health advocacy strategies facilitate policy change by bringing key health issues to the forefront of public and political discourse, influencing decision-makers and public opinion, and increasing polic...

    Authors: Emalie Rosewarne, Michael Moore, Wai-Kwan Chislett, Alexandra Jones, Kathy Trieu and Jacqui Webster
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:100
  20. To evaluate the performance of the patient clinical complexity level (PCCL) mechanism, which is the patient-level complexity adjustment factor within the Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups (KDRG) patient classifi...

    Authors: Sujeong Kim, Byoongyong Choi, Kyunghee Lee, Sangmin Lee and Sukil Kim
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:98
  21. The concept of “intersectionality” is increasingly employed within public health arenas, particularly in North America, and is often heralded as offering great potential to advance health inequalities research...

    Authors: Daniel Holman, Sarah Salway, Andrew Bell, Brian Beach, Adewale Adebajo, Nuzhat Ali and Jabeer Butt
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:97
  22. The chronic nature of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and costs associated with long-term care can result in catastrophic health expenditure for the patient and their household pushing them deeper into poverty ...

    Authors: Joseph Kazibwe, Phuong Bich Tran and Kristi Sidney Annerstedt
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:96
  23. Over the past decade, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) has implemented multicomponent interventions to increase the uptake of sex and gender in grant applications. Interventions included manda...

    Authors: Jenna Haverfield and Cara Tannenbaum
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:94
  24. Foreign aid continues to play an essential role in health sector development in low-resource countries, particularly in terms of providing a vital portion of their health expenditures. However, the relationshi...

    Authors: Tomas Jezek and Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:93
  25. In Canada, the Eurocentric epistemological foundations of knowledge translation (KT) approaches and practices have been significantly influenced by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) KT definiti...

    Authors: Chloe Crosschild, Ngoc Huynh, Ismalia De Sousa, Eunice Bawafaa and Helen Brown
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:92
  26. Current incentive programmes are not sufficient to motivate researchers and policy-makers to use research evidence in policy-making. We conducted a mixed-methods design to identify context-based policy options...

    Authors: Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Reza Majdzadeh, Elham Ehsani-Chimeh, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Sima Nikooee, Ata Pourabbasi and John Lavis
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:91
  27. The implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) in mental health care confers many benefits to patients, and research into factors facilitating the implementation of EBP is needed. As an important factor a...

    Authors: Katharina Szota, Jonathan F. B. Thielemann, Hanna Christiansen, Marte Rye, Gregory A. Aarons and Antonia Barke
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:90
  28. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Brown, Brandi M. White, Walter J. Jones, Mulugeta Gebregziabher and Kit N. Simpson
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:89

    The original article was published in Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:77

  29. Sexual and reproductive health problems significantly decrease quality of life in survivors of breast cancer. The best approach is to provide services according to evidence-based guidelines developed based on ...

    Authors: Solmaz Roshandel, Minoor Lamyian, Seyed Ali Azin, Shahpar Haghighat and Eesa Mohammadi
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:87
  30. Pakistan has made slow progress towards reducing the newborn mortality burden; as a result, it has the highest burden of newborn mortality worldwide. This article presents an analysis of the current policies, ...

    Authors: Jamil Ahmed, Carmen Huckel Schneider, Ashraful Alam and Camille Raynes-Greenow
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:86
  31. Implementation of evidence-based care remains a key challenge in clinical practice. Determining “what” to implement can guide implementation efforts. This paper describes a process developed to identify priori...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Lynch, Chris Lassig, Tari Turner, Leonid Churilov, Kelvin Hill and Kirstine Shrubsole
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:85
  32. Fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCAS) have a strong need to improve the capacity of local health workers to conduct health research in order to improve health policy and health outcomes. Health researc...

    Authors: Rania Mansour, Hady Naal, Tarek Kishawi, Nassim El Achi, Layal Hneiny and Shadi Saleh
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:84
  33. In response to the “know–do” gap, several initiatives have been implemented to enhance evidence-informed decision-making (EIDM). These include individual training, organizational culture change management, and...

    Authors: Nasreen S. Jessani, Anke Rohwer, Bey-Marrie Schmidt and Peter Delobelle
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:82
  34. While leading AIDS organizations expect faith and health collaborations to play a crucial role in organizing and scaling up community-based HIV services, it is unclear how this can be realized. Little primary ...

    Authors: Martha T. Ndlovu-Teijema, Maarten O. Kok, Sabine L. van Elsland, Hilleen Smeets, David Barstow, Lyn van Rooyen and A. M. van Furth
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:81
  35. Breast cancer is a common disease in Tunisia and is associated with high mortality rates. The “Instance Nationale de l’Evaluation et de l’Accréditation en Santé” (INEAS) and the Tunisian Society of Oncology de...

    Authors: Lara A. Kahale, Hella Ouertatani, Asma Ben Brahem, Hela Grati, Mohammed Ben Hamouda, Zuleika Saz-Parkinson and Elie A. Akl
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:80
  36. Globally, increasing numbers of higher education institutions (HEIs) in non-English-speaking countries have adopted English as a medium of instruction (EMI), because of the perception that this provides opport...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Sphindile Mapumulo, Lyn Haskins, Vaughn John, Silondile Luthuli, Thorkild Tylleskär, Paulin Mutombo, Ingunn M. S. Engebretsen, Mala Ali Mapatano and Anne Hatløy
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:79
  37. Physical activity recommendations are reached by only a small part of the population. A common problem is that research findings on public health-related topics such as physical activity promotion are oftentim...

    Authors: Laura Wolbring, Anne Kerstin Reimers, Claudia Niessner, Yolanda Demetriou, Steffen Christian Ekkehard Schmidt, Alexander Woll and Hagen Wäsche
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:78
  38. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, commonly referred to as the Affordable Care Act (ACA), was created to increase access to primary care, improve quality of care, and decrease healthcare c...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Brown, Brandi M. White, Walter J. Jones, Mulugeta Gebregziabher and Kit N. Simpson
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:77

    The Correction to this article has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:89

  39. All prevention efforts currently being implemented for COVID-19 are aimed at reducing the burden on strained health systems and human resources. There has been little research conducted to understand how SARS-...

    Authors: Valéry Ridde, Lara Gautier, Christian Dagenais, Fanny Chabrol, Renyou Hou, Emmanuel Bonnet, Pierre-Marie David, Patrick Cloos, Arnaud Duhoux, Jean-Christophe Lucet, Lola Traverson, Sydia Rosana de Araujo Oliveira, Gisele Cazarin, Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Laurence Touré, Abdourahmane Coulibaly…
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:76
  40. One Health is a collaborative, multisectoral, and transdisciplinary approach—working at the local, regional, national, and global levels—with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the inter...

    Authors: Sandul Yasobant, Walter Bruchhausen, Deepak Saxena and Timo Falkenberg
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:75
  41. Research nurses, midwives and allied health professionals are members of an important emergent profession delivering clinical research and, in the United Kingdom, have been the focus of considerable investment...

    Authors: A. McNiven, M. Boulton, L. Locock and L. Hinton
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:74
  42. Various interventions have been undertaken in Iran to promote evidence-informed health policy-making (EIHP). Identifying the challenges in EIHP is the first step toward strengthening EIHP in each country throu...

    Authors: Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Farideh Mohtasham, Mahsa Mohseni and Reza Majdzadeh
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:73
  43. Lack of access to essential medicines presents a significant threat to achieving universal health coverage (UHC) in sub-Saharan Africa. Although it is acknowledged that essential medicines policies do not rise...

    Authors: Alison T. Mhazo and Charles C. Maponga
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:72
  44. The number of published economic evaluations of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries is notably scarce. Limited local evidence could have a major impact on the implementation of economic evaluation recomme...

    Authors: Saja H. Almazrou, Shiekha S. Alaujan and Sinaa A. Al-Aqeel
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:71
  45. Viral pandemics have had catastrophic consequences on population health and economies. The Philippine government intends to establish the Virology Institute of the Philippines, one of the key areas of which wi...

    Authors: Reneepearl Kim Sales, Joseph Oraño, Rafael Deo Estanislao, Alfredo Jose Ballesteros and Ma. Ida Faye Gomez
    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:70