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  1. Health research governance is an essential function of national health research systems. Yet many African countries have not developed strong health research governance structures and processes. This paper pre...

    Authors: Pamela A. Juma, Catherine M. Jones, Rhona Mijumbi-Deve, Clare Wenham, Tiny Masupe, Joelle Sobngwi-Tambekou, Godfrey Biemba, Namuunda Mtombo and Justin Parkhurst

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. There is now rapidly growing global awareness of the potential of large-scale community health worker (CHW) programmes not only for improving population health but, even more importantly, for accelerating the ...

    Authors: Joseph M. Zulu and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):130

    Content type: Introduction

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  3. Community health workers (CHWs) can play a critical role in primary healthcare and are seen widely as important to achieving the health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The COVID-19 pandemic has e...

    Authors: Simon Lewin, Uta Lehmann and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):129

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  4. This is the fifth of our 11-paper supplement on “Community Health Workers at the Dawn of a New Era.” When planning new community health worker (CHW) roles or expanding existing roles, programme planners need t...

    Authors: Claire Glenton, Dena Javadi and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):128

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  5. This is the ninth paper in our series, “Community Health Workers at the Dawn of a New Era”. Community health workers (CHWs) are in an intermediary position between the health system and the community. While th...

    Authors: Karen LeBan, Maryse Kok and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):116

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  6. Supervision is essential for optimizing performance and motivation of community health workers (CHWs). This paper, the seventh in our series, “Community health workers at the dawn of a new era”, supplements th...

    Authors: Carey Westgate, David Musoke, Lauren Crigler and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):114

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  7. This is the sixth of our 11-paper supplement entitled “Community Health Workers at the Dawn of New Era”. Expectations of community health workers (CHWs) have expanded in recent years to encompass a wider array...

    Authors: Meike J. Schleiff, Iain Aitken, Mohammad Ariful Alam, Zufan Abera Damtew and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):113

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  8. This is the concluding paper of our 11-paper supplement, “Community health workers at the dawn of a new era”.

    Authors: Henry B. Perry, Mushtaque Chowdhury, Miriam Were, Karen LeBan, Lauren Crigler, Simon Lewin, David Musoke, Maryse Kok, Kerry Scott, Madeleine Ballard and Steve Hodgins

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):111

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  9. Community health worker (CHW) programmes are again receiving more attention in global health, as reflected in important recent WHO guidance. However, there is a risk that current CHW programme efforts may resu...

    Authors: Stephen Hodgins, Maryse Kok, David Musoke, Simon Lewin, Lauren Crigler, Karen LeBan and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):109

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  10. While the evidence supporting the effectiveness of community health worker (CHW) programmes is substantial, there is also considerable evidence that many of these programmes have notable weaknesses that need t...

    Authors: Maryse Kok, Lauren Crigler, David Musoke, Madeleine Ballard, Steve Hodgins and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):108

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  11. This is the fourth of our 11-paper supplement on “Community Health Workers at the Dawn of New Era”. Here, we first make the case for investing in health programmes, second for investing in human resources for ...

    Authors: Lizah Masis, Angela Gichaga, Tseday Zerayacob, Chunling Lu and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):107

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  12. This is the eighth in our series of 11 papers on “CHWs at the Dawn of a New Era”. Community health worker (CHW) incentives and remuneration are core issues that affect the performance of individual CHWs and th...

    Authors: Christopher J. Colvin, Steve Hodgins and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):106

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  13. Community health workers (CHWs) play a critical role in grassroots healthcare and are essential for achieving the health-related Sustainable Development Goals. While there is a critical shortage of essential h...

    Authors: Muhammad Mahmood Afzal, George W. Pariyo, Zohra S. Lassi and Henry B. Perry

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 3):103

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 3

  14. Despite increasing interest in joint research priority-setting, few studies engage end-user groups in setting research priorities at the intersection of the healthcare and management disciplines. With health s...

    Authors: Jenna M. Evans, Julie E. Gilbert, Jasmine Bacola, Victoria Hagens, Vicky Simanovski, Philip Holm, Rebecca Harvey, Peter G. Blake and Garth Matheson

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:131

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. The purpose of this paper is to highlight a perspective for decolonizing research with Australian First Nations and provide a framework for successful and sustained knowledge translation by drawing on the rece...

    Authors: Pamela Laird, Anne B. Chang, John Jacky, Mary Lane, André Schultz and Roz Walker

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:127

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  16. Evidence-based practice in medicine and social policy relies heavily on evidence synthesis. To translate evidence into practical guidelines for low- and middle-income countries, local expertise is essential. T...

    Authors: Jiayi Pan, Yongqi Zhong, Sarah Young and Nynke M. D. Niezink

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:126

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. A large proportion of postgraduate students the world over complete a research thesis in partial fulfilment of their degree requirements. This study identified and evaluated support mechanisms for research gen...

    Authors: E. A. Obuku, R. Apunyo, G. Mbabazi, D. K. Mafigiri, C. Karamagi, F. Sengooba, J. N. Lavis and N. K. Sewankambo

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and universal design (UD) principles call for inclusive planning. Within the transportation field, this includes the development or improvement of facilities that accom...

    Authors: Marianne J. W. A. Vanderschuren and Obiora A. Nnene

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Health systems around the world have been forced to make choices about how to prioritize care, manage infection control and maintain reserve capacity for future disease outbreaks. Primary healthcare has moved ...

    Authors: Andrew Georgiou, Julie Li, Christopher Pearce, Adam McLeod, Nasir Wabe, Rae-Anne Hardie, Guilherme Saffi Franco, Chisato Imai, Gorkem Sezgin, Judith Thomas, Zhaoli Dai, Muhammad Kashif Sheikh, Amanda Proposch, Stephen Weeding, Brendon Wickham, Tony Badrick…

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:122

    Content type: Study Protocol

    Published on:

  20. In the era of evidence-based policy-making (EBPM), scientific outputs and public policy should engage with each other in a more interactive and coherent way. Notably, this is becoming increasingly critical in ...

    Authors: Xi Cheng, Li Tang, Maotian Zhou and Guoyan Wang

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Health interventions in a clinical setting may be complex. This is particularly true of clinical interventions which require systems reorganization or behavioural change, and/or when implementation involves ad...

    Authors: Robert Heggie, Kathleen Boyd and Olivia Wu

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:118

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  22. This study sought to determine how institutional environments, including values, policies, and their implementation, shape inequities in scientific career progression for women and men, and their disadvantages...

    Authors: Millicent L. Liani, Isaac K. Nyamongo, Justin Pulford and Rachel Tolhurst

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Research and practice are often considered as two different worlds with different values, which causes a gap between them. Involving professionals such as practitioners, managers, decision-makers, and policy-m...

    Authors: Christine E. Laustsen, Pia Petersson, Albert Westergren and Maria Haak

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:115

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Health information systems are crucial to provide data for decision-making and demand for data is constantly growing. However, the link between data and decisions is not always rational or linear and the manag...

    Authors: Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, David O’Donnell, L. Kendall Krause, Christian Auer, Angela Oyo-Ita, Mamadou Samba, Graça Matsinhe, Abdullahi Bulama Garba, Damaris Rodríguez, Meike Zuske, Anthonia Ngozi Njepuome, Sofia Micael Mandjate Lee, Amanda Ross, Suzanne Gajewski, Artur Manuel Muloliwa, Richard B. Yapi…

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:112

    Content type: Study Protocol

    Published on:

  25. In 2005, Nigeria adopted the Reaching Every Ward strategy to improve vaccination coverage for children 0–23 months of age. By 2015, Ogun state had full coverage (100%) in 12 of its 20 local government areas, b...

    Authors: Ngozi N. Akwataghibe, Elijah A. Ogunsola, Oluwafemi A. Popoola, Adanna I. Agbo and Marjolein A. Dieleman

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  26. Almost 20 million children under one year of age did not receive basic vaccines in 2019, and most of these children lived in low- and middle-income countries. Implementation research has been recognized as an ...

    Authors: Arielle Mancuso, Shahira Ahmed Malm, Alyssa Sharkey, A. S. M. Shahabuddin and Zubin Cyrus Shroff

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):83

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  27. Losing children to follow-up is one of the major barriers identified in Ethiopia’s immunization programme. In many urban slum areas like Lideta sub-city, Addis Ababa, several demand- and supply-side factors af...

    Authors: Thewodros Zewde, Alula Teklu, Diriba Bedada and Yoseph Tsehaye

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):69

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  28. With increased penetration of the internet and social media, there are concerns regarding its negative role in influencing parents’ decisions regarding vaccination for their children. It is perceived that a mi...

    Authors: Anoop T. Nair, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Shaffi Fazaludeen Koya, Minu Abraham, Jinbert Lordson, Chitra Grace, Sreekutty Sreekumar, Priya Chembon, Kamala Swarnam, A. Marthanda Pillai and Anant Kumar Pandey

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  29. Great disparities in immunization coverage exist in Pakistan between urban and rural areas. However, coverage estimates for large peri-urban slums in Sindh are largely unknown and implementation challenges rem...

    Authors: Amna Tanweer Yazdani, Ameer Muhammad, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Uzma Khan and Yasir Shafiq

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):55

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  30. In 2006, Uganda adopted the Reaching Every District strategy with the goal of attaining at least 80% coverage for routine immunizations in every district. The development and utilization of health facility/dis...

    Authors: David Kaawa Mafigiri, Constance Iradukunda, Catherine Atumanya, Michael Odie, Arielle Mancuso, Nhan Tran, Janet McGrath and Henry Luzze

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):52

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  31. For evidence-based decision-making, there is a need for quality, timely, relevant and accessible information at each level of the health system. Limited use of local data at each level of the health system is ...

    Authors: Binyam Tilahun, Alemayehu Teklu, Arielle Mancuso, Berhanu F. Endehabtu, Kassahun D. Gashu and Zeleke A. Mekonnen

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):48

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  32. Civil society organizations (CSOs) are important in health care delivery. They have the potential to play significant roles in immunization-related services, such as advocacy, health education, demand creation...

    Authors: Aniekan Etokidem, Festus Nkpoyen, Comfort Ekanem, Enagu Mpama and Anastasia Isika

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):46

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  33. One Health approaches such as the Joint human and animal vaccination programmes (JHAVP) are shown to be feasible and to increase health care access to hard-to-reach communities such as mobile pastoralists. How...

    Authors: Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Djimet Seli, Filippo Lechthaler, Lisa Crump, Arielle Mancus, Nhan Tran, Jakob Zinsstag and Daniel Cobos Muñoz

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19(Suppl 2):44

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 2

  34. Public health emergencies—such as the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic—accelerate the need for both evidence generation and rapid dissemination and implementation (D&I) of evidence where it is most needed. In this paper...

    Authors: Reza Yousefi Nooraie, Rachel C. Shelton, Kevin Fiscella, Bethany M. Kwan and James M. McMahon

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:110

    Content type: Opinion

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:120

  35. Translating research findings into service improvements for patients and/or policy changes is a key challenge for health service organizations. The Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland launched the Action...

    Authors: Virginia Minogue, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Catherine Hayes, Mary Morrissey, Gregory Gorman and Ana Terres

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak made it clear that despite the potential of science, technology, and innovation (ST&I) to positively impact healthcare systems worldwide, as shown by the rapid ...

    Authors: Renan Gonçalves Leonel da Silva, Roger Chammas and Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:104

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  37. Transforming a health system into a learning one is increasingly recognized as necessary to support the implementation of a national strategic direction on quality with a focus on frontline experience. The app...

    Authors: Diana Sarakbi, Nana Mensah-Abrampah, Melissa Kleine-Bingham and Shams B. Syed

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:102

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. The Food, Environment, and Health (FEH) program of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) aims to improve the health of low- and middle-income country populations by generating evidence, innovati...

    Authors: Hayley Pelletier, Leah Bleecker, Victoria Sauveplane-Stirling, Erica Di Ruggiero and Daniel Sellen

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:101

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  39. Public health advocacy strategies facilitate policy change by bringing key health issues to the forefront of public and political discourse, influencing decision-makers and public opinion, and increasing polic...

    Authors: Emalie Rosewarne, Michael Moore, Wai-Kwan Chislett, Alexandra Jones, Kathy Trieu and Jacqui Webster

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. To evaluate the performance of the patient clinical complexity level (PCCL) mechanism, which is the patient-level complexity adjustment factor within the Korean Diagnosis-Related Groups (KDRG) patient classifi...

    Authors: Sujeong Kim, Byoongyong Choi, Kyunghee Lee, Sangmin Lee and Sukil Kim

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:98

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. The concept of “intersectionality” is increasingly employed within public health arenas, particularly in North America, and is often heralded as offering great potential to advance health inequalities research...

    Authors: Daniel Holman, Sarah Salway, Andrew Bell, Brian Beach, Adewale Adebajo, Nuzhat Ali and Jabeer Butt

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The chronic nature of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) and costs associated with long-term care can result in catastrophic health expenditure for the patient and their household pushing them deeper into poverty ...

    Authors: Joseph Kazibwe, Phuong Bich Tran and Kristi Sidney Annerstedt

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:96

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Over the past decade, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) has implemented multicomponent interventions to increase the uptake of sex and gender in grant applications. Interventions included manda...

    Authors: Jenna Haverfield and Cara Tannenbaum

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:94

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Foreign aid continues to play an essential role in health sector development in low-resource countries, particularly in terms of providing a vital portion of their health expenditures. However, the relationshi...

    Authors: Tomas Jezek and Oluwaseun Adebayo Bamodu

    Citation: Health Research Policy and Systems 2021 19:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on: